Matrimonial Property Division

Division of matrimonial property is a specific way of managing assets within a marriage. In Polish law, it represents one of the possible systems that couples can choose. It allows spouses to keep their finances separate, meaning each person manages what they have earned or owned before marriage independently.

Basics of Property Division

Division of matrimonial property is not the default system in Poland. The standard is joint property ownership. To establish separation, specific steps must be taken, often through a marital agreement made at a notary’s office.

The Advantages

Opting for division of matrimonial property comes with several benefits. It protects personal assets in the event of one spouse’s debts. It also makes financial management easier, especially significant for those running their own business. This system ensures that individuals retain control over their financial contributions and assets.


To make division of matrimonial property a reality, spouses must visit a notary. Here, in the form of a notarial deed, they sign an agreement. This simple act safeguards their interests, providing a clear division of assets and liabilities.


Division of matrimonial property has definite consequences. It means debts incurred by one spouse do not affect the other. Each partner is responsible for their financial obligations, clarifying asset management within the marriage.

property division



While division of matrimonial property offers numerous advantages, it also has its downsides. The main drawback is the lack of joint ownership. In the event of one spouse’s death, division of matrimonial property can complicate inheritance matters, potentially leading to legal challenges or unintended distribution of assets. It can be crucial during the divorce in Poland


Both spouses can conclude the division of matrimonial property if they agree to return to joint property ownership. Like its inception, they must register this decision with a notary to ensure its legal recognition and implementation.

Extended Considerations

When considering division, it’s essential to understand its broader implications. For instance, it can significantly impact financial planning, retirement savings, and investment strategies. Couples might find it easier to allocate resources for specific goals or protect against financial volatility.

Moreover, division of matrimonial property can influence tax liabilities. Since assets and incomes are not pooled, each spouse may fall into different tax brackets, potentially leading to savings or complexities in tax filings.

Cultural and Social Implications

Division of matrimonial property also reflects cultural shifts towards individual financial independence within marriages. It aligns with a growing preference for clear boundaries and autonomy, even in shared life commitments. This trend underscores the evolving nature of marital partnerships, where mutual respect for personal space and assets is increasingly valued.


Division of matrimonial property in Polish law offers a unique option for couples, allowing for individual asset management and protection against partners’ debts. Its flexibility, to be initiated or ended at any time, makes it an attractive choice, particularly in specific life circumstances. However, considering its advantages and potential drawbacks is crucial before making this significant decision. Division ensures financial security, an essential aspect in today’s world. Remembering all benefits and possible disadvantages is key, as this decision can profoundly affect a marriage’s future or divorce.


If you wish to cooperate with us, we invite you to contact our attorney Catherine, who will be happy to answer any questions and assist you throughout the procedure.

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